The back is paramount to our structure; it holds us upright, connects and stabilizes us by withstanding a massive amount of forces daily. Additionally, the back also contains various nerves and vessels that transmit electrical innervation and various substances to/from other areas of the body.

Due to the forces placed on it and its unique composition, back pain is an extremely common symptom.

What causes back pain?

The back is made up of various tissues, each has its role in providing structure, stability and transmitting electrical signals/substances.

Each one of these tissues is prone to injury from various stressors which may include:

  1. Everyday activities such as mowing the lawn, working at a computer, or simply sitting/sleeping awkwardly on the lounge.
  2. Traumatic incidents such as sports injuries, car crashes or falling to the ground.

In addition to this, some types of back pain may be related to systemic Illnesses/organ dysfunction such as anxiety, heart attack, pneumonia or kidney stones.

There are various causes of back pain; in order to arrive at an appropriate diagnosis, it is best to consult with your healthcare professional.
Through understanding causative factors, it is possible to implement changes in lifestyle/treatment in order to reduce or even resolve back pain altogether.

When to see a health professional for back pain

In general, most back pain will get better over time or with some form of self-care over several weeks. If, however, your back pain is:

  • From a traumatic incident
  • Painful with the inability to move
  • Accompanied by unexplained weight loss, fever or changes in bowel movements

It is recommended to see a healthcare professional or call for emergency services.

Upper back pain

The upper and mid back consists of 12 spinal segments called thoracic vertebrae. You may hear your doctor referring to them as T1 to T12.
The upper and mid back is designed not only to connect our head to our hips but to protect the vital organs such as our lungs and heart through their connection with the ribcage.

Upper back pain may lead to:

  • Headaches
  • Neck tension
  • Shoulder immobility
  • Breathing difficulty
  • General aches and pain in the upper half of the body.

Causative factors of Upper back pain may include:

  • Long office hours
  • Spinal misalignment
  • Excessive coughing
  • Incorrect posture
  • Poor sleep habits
  • Imbalanced muscle tone
  • Anxiety/Stress
  • Injury
  • Pre-menstrual tension

Lower back pain

The lower back continues off from the upper back and contains what is known as the lumbar vertebrae. We have 5 of them and doctors will refer to this region as L1 to L5. The importance of the lumbar spine is to support the weight of the torso, upper limbs and head, it allows us to bend back and forth, protects the spinal cord, and helps absorb shock from activities such as jumping or bearing weight.

What can lower back pain lead to?

Lower back pain may cause some physiological changes to the body such as:

  • Changes in walking or gait
  • Postural changes
  • Reduced mobility and strength
  • Emotional distress

Causative factors

Causes of lower back pain are like upper back pain but can also include:

  • Obesity
  • Arthritis
  • Acute cauda equina syndrome
  • Osteoporosis

Back pain treatment

Back pain can have a huge impact on the quality of life, leaving sufferers debilitated and emotionally challenged.

Here at Evolution Medical Care, we place an emphasis on Listening to concerns/symptoms, Diagnosing exactly what is the cause of back pain and developing treatment plans to achieve a real solution to the problem.

We have a variety of treatment methods that may be used to reduce back pain. These include:

Get in touch

Have you or someone you know been experiencing back pain? Would you like assistance in speeding up the recovery process? 
Please Contact us or call the clinic on 0247096727 and one of our friendly team members will be in touch shortly to discuss.